Latin has been widely used for around 2000 years as a tool for preparing medical professionals’ nomenclature. In 2018, the WHO released the 11th revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD). The basic version of ICD-11 is in English, while other language versions are currently being prepared. The authors conducted an analysis of the English-Latin translation process and proposed a bilingual corpus of diagnoses containing Latin and English equivalents for mental and behavioural disorders as defined by ICD-11. This book also describes the clinical aspects of formulating diagnoses in medicine, with reference to other sciences. It discusses semantic and logical issues, as well as information theory. Finally, it references the pragmatics of medical language. Selected concepts of translation and their strategies are also presented. The authors provide detailed information about the procedures, strategies, and methods used in their work. The translation process involves a literal approach to individual words or phrases while considering the tradition of Latin usage in medicine and utilizing knowledge of Latin grammar and pragmatics. The proposed model for creating a glossary of disease names and symptoms of mental disorders according to ICD-11 can also be applied in preparing other language versions. The results of the research work are organized into 28 tables that group disorders according to the divisions outlined in ICD-11. Furthermore, six auxiliary tables have been developed to illustrate the general criteria for creating names. In total, the work includes 1,626 Latin names for various mental disorders. The authors have created a glossary, available as a separate Excel file, which was developed in accordance with the model prepared by WHO.
Adjunct Professor at Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz. He works in the Department of Psychiatry as a psychiatric consultant at the University Hospital in Bydgoszcz. He graduated from the medical faculty of the Medical Academy in Bydgoszcz in 1994 and theological studies in 1995 from the Primate’s Institute of Christian Culture in Bydgoszcz, a branch of the Pontifical Faculty of Theology in Poznań. In 2001, he obtained the title of specialist in psychiatry, and in 2011 – specialist in psychiatry of children and adolescents. In 2015, he earned a doctorate in pastoral theology at the Catholic University of Lublin and in 2017 – in medicine (CM NCU). He has written over 120 scientific papers and actively participated in over 50 national and international scientific conferences in the field of psychiatry. His research interests include classification in psychiatry, medical ethics, and clinical aspects of alcohol dependence.